Learn Solidity: Control Structure (if-else, for, while, Do-While)

In this post, we will understand the Control Structure (if-else, for, while, Do-While) in Solidity Language.

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pragma solidity 0.4.8;

// Solidity follows the same syntax of controle structures as Java script or C.
// hence Most of the control structures from JavaScript are available in Solidity 
// except for switch and goto. So there is: if, else, while, do, for, break, continue, 
// return, ? :, with the usual semantics known from C or JavaScript.

// Let's quickly go through ther syntax in this lecture.

contract ControlStructure {
    * @title A Simple Example
    * @author Toshendra Sharma
    * @notice Example for the Solidity Course
    * @dev This is only for demo the simple Coin example
    address public a;

    function ControlStructure(uint input1) {
        // if-else can be used like this
        if(input1 == 2)
            a = 1;
            a = 0;

        // while can be used like this    
        while(input1 >= 0){
            if(input1 == 5)
            input1 = input1 - 1;   

        // for loop can be used like this
        for(uint i=0; i<=50; i++)
            if(a == 4) break;

        // do while can be used like this
        } (while a>0);

        // Conditional Operator can be used like this
        bool isTrue = (a == 1)? true: false;

        // will show an error because 
        //there is no type conversion from non-boolean to boolean   
        if (1) { 
            //some work


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